Centher Academy

What is Staking?

what is staking

Staking, in the context of cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology, refers to the act of participating in the proof-of-stake (PoS) consensus mechanism to secure and validate transactions on a blockchain network. Unlike proof-of-work (PoW) used in cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, where miners compete to solve complex mathematical puzzles to validate transactions and create new blocks, PoS relies on validators who are chosen to create blocks and validate transactions based on the number of coins they "stake" or lock up as collateral.

Here's how staking typically works
Block Validation

Validators take turns creating new blocks and validating transactions. The probability of being selected to create a block is proportional to the amount of cryptocurrency staked. This system incentivizes validators to act honestly since they stand to lose their staked coins if they attempt any malicious behavior.

Block Rewards

Validators who successfully create and validate a block are rewarded with transaction fees and newly minted coins. These rewards are distributed among validators based on their stake, encouraging them to continue participating in the network.


To discourage malicious behavior, PoS networks often implement a "slashing" mechanism. Validators can lose a portion or all of their staked coins if they are found to be dishonest or attempt to attack the network.

Staking has gained popularity due to its energy efficiency compared to PoW, where miners consume large amounts of electricity for computational power. Additionally, staking allows users to actively participate in the blockchain's security and consensus process while earning rewards for their contribution.

Different blockchain projects may have variations in their staking mechanisms, but the core principle of staking involves participants locking up coins to secure the network and receive rewards.